All of you must have heard about strawberry benefits right? Currently, there are many foods or drinks that add strawberries as an enhancer. Of course, we have heard of strawberry jam, strawberry syrup, strawberry candy, and strawberry ice cream, and so on.
But what I mean is not processed strawberries. Well, right, strawberries I mean are whole and fresh fruits that are small in red.
According to the source I read, a strawberry that has a Latin name (Fragaria sp.) and is included in the family Rosacea, comes from America which was cultivated by Native Americans of Indians since 2200 years ago.
But even though it is known to come from America, strawberry also grow in Europe, especially in Italy.
Strawberry Benefits and Nutrition
Since Roman period strawberry has been known as a fruit that is efficacious in treating various diseases such as sunburned skin, teeth whitening, gout, and digestive disorders.
Strawberry’s ability to help cure diseases is mainly due to the very high antioxidant content.
According to the United State Department of Agriculture (USDA), of the 24 pieces of fruits tested at that time, strawberry was ranked second with the highest antioxidant power.
According to Dr. Gene S from the Nutrition and Health Research Center, after 30-60 minutes of eating strawberries (there is no explanation of the amount), the body’s antioxidant levels will reach its peak.
Strawberry Main Nutrition Content Table
|As per 100 gr Strawberries|
|Vitamin C||60 mg|
Anti Aging, Good for the Heart and Brain
Strawberries contain large amounts of vitamin C, even higher than citrus fruits. Vitamin C plays a role as an antioxidant in inhibiting the aging process, reducing the risk of heart disease, brain damage, and arthritis.
Reduce Cancer Risk
According to research from the American Cancer Society, vitamin C in strawberries can reduce the risk of colon cancer. In addition, vitamin C is also needed in producing collagen needed for growth and repair of damaged body tissue.
Antioxidants contained in strawberries are also found in phytochemical compounds such as ellagic acid, anthocyanins, catechins, quercetin, and kaempferol.
According to Prof. Richard Mithen from Institute of food research, ellagic acid produced by strawberry has anti-cancer and anti-virus abilities.
Good for Cardiovascular
According to Dr. Howard Sesso, head of research at Harvard Medical School, consuming strawberries can reduce levels of C reactive protein which is an indicator of an inflammatory process in the blood. This statement was reinforced by Dr. Gene Spiller who said eating 8-10 strawberries a day can reduce blood pressure and the risk of heart disease.
Anthocyanin in strawberry beside being a red-giving pigment also plays a role in preventing the oxidation of cholesterol, protecting blood vessel walls, and preventing blood clots. Potassium contained in strawberries can regulate the body’s electrolytes, reduce the risk of stroke and heart disease.
Useful for Pregnant Women and Prevent Alzheimer’s
The strawberry benefits for pregnant women are in the content of folic acid which when consumed is very good for the development of the fetal brain in the womb.
Also, folic acid in strawberries is also beneficial in reducing levels of hemocytes in the blood. Homocysteine is an amino acid that can cause cardiovascular disorders if the levels are too high.
Folic acid is also beneficial in producing red blood cells and preventing Alzheimer’s disease.
In strawberry, there are also fibers that are useful in balancing blood sugar for people with diabetes.
As reported by Dr. Patrick Holford, that strawberry seeds contain a lot of iron minerals that can increase testosterone in men and improve the mood of women in making love.
Strawberry benefits for the Skin
Strawberries contain salicylic acid which is useful in removing dead skin cells and cleaning the pores of the skin. Strawberry masks and strawberry juice masks are beneficial for healing acne, oily skin, treating burns on the skin and brightening the skin.
Useful for dental health
Strawberries are helpful in cleaning plaque on teeth. Cut the fruits in half, then rub them on the teeth. Another way is to rinse with strawberry juice, then rinse with warm water.
You may want to read: Health benefits of beet
How to Choose and Store Strawberries
- Strawberries are one of the fruits that use a lot of pesticides in the process of growth and maintenance, so you are advised to buy organic strawberries.
- Choose the ones that are not soft and shiny red. It is better if there are green leaves at the top of the fruit.
- Choose the ripest and the reddest because strawberries do not experience further ripening.
- Don’t choose one that has a green or yellow tinge. Choose smaller ones because they taste sweeter.
- It should be quickly consumed after being bought because strawberries are damaged rapidly.
- Don’t mix strawberries that have been damaged by mushrooms with other berries because they can cause damage to other fruits.
- Don’t store strawberries in a sunny place. Store the fruits in the refrigerator in a plastic-covered container.
- Strawberries that stored in good condition can last 1 to 2 days in the refrigerator.
- Strawberries contain lots of gaitrogen, which can trigger thyroid gland disorders. Patients with thyroid gland should not consume strawberries.
- Strawberries contain oxalate, so it is not good for people with kidney and bile disorders. Oxalate can also prevent absorption of calcium in the body.
- Strawberry seeds can also irritate the intestinal lining wall in certain cases.
That’s All about the strawberry benefits and nutrition, hopefully, the above information can be useful.
Image : Pixabay.com
Reference : Nirmala mag.